Photo Documentation

3929_b03_nm_已編輯.jpg

Spine and front cover: before treatment

3929_b07_nm_已編輯.jpg

Front endleaves: before treatment

3929_a04_nm_已編輯.jpg

Spine and front cover: after treatment

3929_a06_nm_已編輯.jpg

Front endleaves: after treatment

Treatment Record Documentation

Date of Examination:   August 11, 2017

Title:  Matthew F. Maury Papers 46 / 1895-1910 / Apr. 13 – Apr. 25 / Undated

Date: 1895-1910

Owner: Manuscript Division, Library of Congress

Call Number: mss31682  

Background Information:

This album is part of the collection of Matthew F. Maury Papers. Matthew Fontaine Maury (1806-1873), was a Naval officer and oceanographer. The Mathew F Maury Papers contain correspondence, letterbooks, diaries, journals, speeches, articles, and other writings, notebooks, electrical experiment book, charts, and printed material relating chiefly to Maury's naval career, scientific activities and interests, service as a Confederate agent in England, and work as an immigration official for Southern expatriates in Mexico, and to the Maury (Morey) family.

 

Among this collection, much of the correspondence is family correspondence, including many of Maury's own letters. Prominent among his correspondents are William M. Blackford, William C. Hasbrouck, Nathaniel J. Holmes, Admiral Marin H. Jansen, Privy Councilor to the King of Holland, Ann Hull Herndon Maury, Richard L. Maury, Rutson Maury, Maximilian, Emperor of Mexico, Franklin Minor, James Hervey Otey, Francis Henney Smith, Francis W. Tremlett, and Mary Herndon Maury Werth.

Placed with the collection are papers of Charles Alphonso Smith (1864-1924) regarding Maury including clippings and notes on Maury as well as correspondence with Mary Maury (Mrs. James R.) Werth concerning her father. Also included is a typescript of a life of Maury by Catherine Cate Coblentz. This volume, volume number 46, contains correspondences written in between April 13, 1895 and April 25, 1910, and also some undated correspondences.

 

 

DESCRIPTION:

This volume consists of 114 letters. These letters had been hinged into a dark blue album, which has blank paper bound together in half leather with cloth sides. 

Binding:  This volume is bound in half dark blue tanned goatskin with blue cloth sides. It has a rounded spine, a hollow back and tight joints. The spine is divided into six panels by the blind-tooled lines with thick and thin fillets. Besides, the spine has a gold-tooled title written “Matthew F. Maury Papers 46 / 1895-1910 / Apr. 13 – Apr. 25 / Undated”. Machine made endbands with thread woven onto cotton tape are stuck onto the head and tail.  The boards are made of millboard. On the inside of the boards, the turn-ins are covered by marbled pastedowns.

Text-block: The text block consists of off-white machine-made paper. It is sewn on five recessed single cords, and three of the sewing supports are pasted onto the inner side of boards. There are letters, which are varied in size, hinging into the blank book subsequently. The letters are hinged at one edge only. Some of these letters are typed and some are hand written. The edges of the text block are trimmed.

The end leaves are not the same as the paper used for the text block. There are three free flyleaves— two off-white machine-made leaves (which are slightly thinner than the ones used for the text-block) and one made marbled leaf. The end leaves are sewn on and also tipped to the text-block.  

CONDITION:

 

Binding: Both the covers and the spine are detached from the text-block as a case. All corners are abraded, rounded and soft, with the boards underneath exposed. The endcap at the head has minor abrasions. The endcap at the tail is missing and there is a loss (42X62mm) at the bottom of the spine. Both the front and back joints are abraded and torn. The front joint has a 210mm split from the top.The front side of the hollow tube has totally split and its back side has a 70mm split along the bottom and 30mm along the top.

  

Text-block: The spine-folds of both the front and back endleaves have split because of detached board. Sewing is in stable condition, but the sewing supports are broken along the joints. There is discoloration throughout and the paper becomes very yellow. There are occasional pages with missing or folded corners throughout the text-block. There are five loose letters hanging loosely in between the last second and third leaf. 

TREATMENT PROPOSAL:

Text-block:

1.    The original spine paper lining of the text-block will be removed and the spine of the        text-block will be cleaned with 5% methyl cellulose poultices.

2.    The spine will be lined with long fiber kozo paper and wheat starch paste.

3.    An overhanging aerolinen lining will be adhered to the spine.

4.    The new spine lining will be sewn through to reinforce the attachment.

5.    A 2-on, 1-off hollow tube will be made from kozo paper and adhered onto the spine.

6.    The unattached letters (No.72 to 76) will be placed in a L shape polyester sleeve, then will be re-attached to the page with double-sided tape along the spine edge.  

Case:

1.    Deteriorated area of leather will be consolidated with 2% Klucel G in ethanol.

2.    The abraded corners on the board will be consolidated and filled with blotter paper and wheat starch paste.

3.    Losses in the board leather will be filled with synthetic textured repairs.

4.    The leather at the board edge will be lifted mechanically.

5.    The marbled pastedowns will be surface cleaned with latex-free polyurethane cosmetic sponges.

6.    The pastedowns at the board edge will be lifted mechanically.

7.    The splitting joints of the case will be reinforced with medium weight kozo paper from the inner side of the spine.

8.    The loss on the spine will be filled with a piece of new leather. A new turn will be made.

9.    A synthetic textured repair will cover the leather fill.  

Board reattachment:

1.    The case will be re-attached to the text-block by adhering the spine to the hollow tube.

2.    The linen flanges will be adhered to the inner side of the boards under the lifted paste downs.

3.    The lifted paste downs will be readhered.

4.    The lifted leather will be readhered.

5.    The splitting area of the leather joints will be repaired with strips of synthetic textured repair.

TREATMENT PERFORMED:

Text-block:

1.    The spine paper lining of the text-block was removed mechanically with a spatula. And then the paper and adhesive residue was cleaned with a series of 5% methyl cellulose poultices.

2.    Linen thread (25/3) was used to pull the loose gatherings toward the peak of the spine, through the first and last two stations. The knots were tied on the outside and the thread was frayed and adhered with wheat starch paste.

3.    The spine was lined with long fiber kozo paper(tengujo) and wheat starch paste.

4.    An overhanging, bias cut aerolinen lining was adhered to the spine with PVAc and wheat starch paste (1:1).

5.    Two gatherings a centimeter in from the front and back of the book were sewn through the linen spine lining (25/3 linen thread).

6.    A hollow tube was constructed from kozo paper (Senkashi,42gsm), sized with PVAc on the outer side of the paper.

7.    The tube was adhered to the spine, 2-on, 1-off with PVAc.

 

Case:

1.    Both the front and back marbled papers were surface cleaned with latex-free polyurethane cosmetic sponges.

2.    2% Klucel G in ethanol was brushed onto the marbled paper, preventing the pigments from coming off.

3.    Deteriorated leather was consolidated with 2% Klucel G in ethanol, applied by a brush.

4.    Abraded corners on the board were rebuilt with small piece of blotter paper and wheat starch paste. The missing leather on the corners was filled with synthetic textured repairs, applied with mixture of PVAc and Lascaux 498HV. The synthetic textured repairs were prepared with toned kozo paper (tengujo), the kozo paper was toned with Golden fluid acrylic. Then acrylics paint (liquitex cerulean blue: liquitex ivory black: golden acrylic Jenkins green (2:3:3/4)), extends fluid acrylics, golden heavy gel gloss and multi-purpose acrylic polymer were mixed together. Thick layers were brushed onto the kozo paper.

5.    Strips of 2% Gellan gel were applied next to the the marbled paper pastedowns at the board edge. Then the marbled paper pastedowns were mechanically lifted at the board edge with a spatula. Thin kozo paper (tengujo) was used as a facing tissue with 2% klucel G in ethanol, preventing the marbled paper along the edges from breaking.  

6.    Leather were mechanically lifted at the board edge with a spatula.

7.    The paper stiffener on the leather spine was removed mechanically with a spatula.  Five separated pieces of toned tengujo were used to reinforced the original spine, which covered from the joint on one side to the other. The mixture of PVAc and Lascaux 498 HV was used as adhesive for its flexibility.

8.    The leather spine of the case was lined with Archival Dove Grey, adhered with the mixture of PVAc and Lascaux 498 HV. The paper stiffener had the same height as the covering boards.

9.    In order to build up the thickness of missing area on the leather spine, a new piece of leather was prepared. Edges of the new leather were pared and the hair side of it was sanded to make it rougher. The leather at the board edges (around the missing area) was splitted and the upper layers were sanded. Then the new leather piece was inserted under the lifted leather with the mixture of PVAc and Lascaux 498 HV. The tail was left to dry and the turn in was made the next day. The case was allowed to dry with the text-block in.  Besides, a cord was placed in between the text-block and the new head cap while it was drying. By doing in this way, some space could be retained for the synthetic textured repair.

10.    The lifted leather around the missing area was re-adhered with Lascaux 303 HV for its flexibility.

Board reattachment:

1.    The case was re-attached to text-block by adhering the spine to the hollow tube with the mixture of PVAc and WSP (1:1).

2.    The linen flanges were adhered to the inner side of the boards under the lifted paste downs with the mixture of PVAc and WSP (1:1).

3.    The lifted paste downs were re-adhered with the mixture of PVAc and WSP (1:1).

4.    Three separated pieces of synthetic textured repair (the same one used for corner repair) were used to cover the leather infill on the spine, with the mixture of PVAc and Lascaux 498 HV.

5.    The leather along the breaking area at the joints was sanded with a sanding stick. Then strips of synthetic textured repair were applied onto the broken or abraded areas of the joints with the mixture of PVAc and Lascaux 498 HV.

6.    Areas of the synthetic textured repair at the head, tail, and joints were lightly retouched with acrylic to approximate the appearance of the original leather.

7.    The unattached letters (No.72 to 76) were placed in a L shape polyester sleeve. Then the polyester sleeve was re-attached to the page with double-sided tape along the spine edge.